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“Making Pathology Relevant for Millenials”

2019 Poster Abstracts

Pre-Conference Workshops
Thursday, January 24, 2019

Enhancing Pathology Education in the 21st Century
Rajendra Singh

The session will introduce the audience to an open source digital pathology platform that has been built for pathology education. Digital pathology offers a lot of advantages for pathology education. The platform not only provides easy and free access to thousands of digital slides, it also provides software tools to make and present spectacular presentations, develop quizzes, have group discussions and provide or get CMEs. Medical schools and pathology departments can construct courses, lectures and share and distribute with students who can avail of them from anywhere, anytime and on any device.

Students will learn how to construct courses, lectures and share and distribute with students the tools offered by the platform.

Using Social Media to Disseminate Your Scholarly Work
Julie Hewett

When publishing scholarly work in a journal, in general a lot of time and effort is being invested on writing and revising the manuscript until it is being accepted for publication. However, that milestone should not be the end of the endeavor but is in fact just the beginning. From that moment on most authors rely on passive dissemination of the article: researchers who perform a literature search might find the work through library systems. But why should the author not actively promote the work as well? Social media offer a wealth of opportunities to actively increase the visibility of the article, indirectly leading to more academic usage of and more citations to the work.

The goal of the workshop is to introduce the participants to the possibilities of social media for disseminating scholarly work, and to practice hands-on with several of these options to promote their own article(s) and themselves as a researcher/author.

GRIPE Image Bank Committee Meeting
Amy Lin, MD
Attendees will:

  1. Identify key components of a well-composed image.
  2. Recognize and correct problems with sample images.

GRIPE Question Bank Committee Meeting
Geoffrey Talmon, MD

Attendees will:

  1. Identify key components of a well-written multiple choice question.
  2. Recognize and correct problems with sample questions.
Plenary Session
Friday, January 25, 2019

Generation Z as Medical Students: What Can We Expect?
Geoff Talmon, MD

While the characteristics of Millennial learners and their differences from older educators have been widely discussed with regard to medical education, a new generation of learners will soon be entering health education: Generation Z.  Although they share many similarities to their Millennial predecessors, their perspectives and preferences may have an impact on how Gen Z students approach medical training with implications for instruction and beyond.  This session will review the basics of the generations active in medical education today with particular focus on the characteristics of Generation Z students.
Following this session, audience members will be able to:
  1. Review characteristics of the 5 generations currently active in medical education
  2. Differentiate characteristics of Millennial and Generation Z learners
  3. Discuss the impact of Generation Z students’ preferences and tendencies on medical education
  4. Develop potential strategies for better engaging Generation Z health professions students


Friday, January 26, 2018

Pathologists: Who are they? What do they do? Is this something for me?
Osvaldo Padilla, MD

The 2018 NRMP match data shows that 601 pathology residency spots were offered nationwide, and of those, 237 filled with US seniors (MDs and DOs). This translates into a 36.6% fill rate, which is the lowest compared to other medical specialties. With a rumored future shortage of pathologists, it is important to inform medical students of this specialty as a possible career option.

The workshop presenters will consist of practicing pathologists, pathology resident(s), and medical students, who are already interested in pathology.

The focus of this workshop is to present information regarding this specialty and have a candid discussion with audience participation. The intended audience for this workshop is primarily medical students, who may want to consider pathology (including pathology medical education) as a career option.

Workshop Objectives:

By the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:

1.) Identify the role of pathologists within the medical field.
2.) Learn basic information about pathology as a career field (salary, average work hours, etc.).
3.) Identify personality traits and preferences favorable to pathologists.
4.) Understand some “pros” and “cons” in becoming a pathologist.

Pathology Medical Education: What is so special about pathology medical education?
Osvaldo Padilla, MD

Since 2007, 17 new medical schools in the U.S. have gained full accreditation, according to a U.S. News analysis, and the number of new medical school is projected to increase. As this has occurred, medical education is also transforming how the medical school curriculum is being taught. As an exponential amount of new medical knowledge continues to grow, more time efficient teaching methods are sought, which is transforming how medical curricula is given. This is especially true in pathology, since it is typically taught in the pre-clinical years (first two years of medical school).

The workshop presenters will consist of practicing pathology medical educators to help start a discussion.

The focus of this workshop is to present information regarding this specialty and have a candid discussion that includes audience participation. The intended audience for this workshop is primarily pathology residents, who may want to consider pathology medical education as a career option.

By the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:

1.) Identify the role of pathology medical educators within the medical field.
2.) Learn basic information about pathology as a career field (average salaries, average work hours, etc.).
3.) Identify personality traits and preference favorable to pathology medical educators.
4.) Understand some “pro” and “cons” in becoming a pathology medical educator.

Best Practices for Incorporating Pathology Into Integrated Medical School Curricula
Marta Margeta and Rageshree Ramachandran

This workshop is applicable to GRIPE members whose institutions are either considering a move from a traditional to an integrated curriculum or already have an integrated curriculum, and who seek to maintain and enhance visibility of pathology in this context. The presenters are Co-Stewards of Pathology in the University of California, San Francisco Bridges Curriculum, and will demonstrate best practices related to curriculum design, content development, faculty representation, student assessment, and student engagement in integrated medical curricula. In keeping with this year’s theme on Making Pathology Relevant to Millennial Learners, we will also discuss recruitment strategies to promote pathology as a career choice for students.
Attendees will be able to:
  • Discuss strategies for building successful partnerships in curriculum development and oversight
  • Consider optimal placement of core pathology content in different stages of an integrated curriculum, including foundational sciences, core clerkships, and elective clerkships
  • Compare and contrast various teaching modalities that can be used for pathology education and assess their appropriateness for different components of the core pathology content
  • Analyze a sample small group case from the UCSF Foundational Sciences curriculum
  • Discuss approaches for motivating faculty and resident instructors to succeed in direct teaching
  • Explore strategies for striking a meaningful balance between curriculum leadership roles and other commitments, including clinical service and research

One Step at a Time: Optimizing a Pathology Residency Curriculum with the Use of Technology
Luis Blanco Jr., Kristy Wolniak and Kruti Maniar

This session will review the steps used to adapt the didactic large group lectures of a pathology residency program into active learning experiences. Studies have demonstrated the use of digital learning can decrease mental effort, enhance learning of moderate to high complexity tasks, and provide a more effective use of class time with overall increased student satisfaction. Based on these findings, different digital technologies were implemented to improve the delivery of essential didactic content in our pathology residency curriculum.
Pathology resident evaluations at our institution suggested that the value of the daily lecture-based didactic sessions was limited and resident attendance at the required didactic sessions was poor. Working with residents to improve the value of the daily sessions, different digital education technologies were implemented in our curriculum to enhance learning and increase engagement. Asynchronous recordings were generated to allow for more timely delivery of basic material needed before high complexity skills such as surgical pathology grossing. An audience response system was implemented to allow for all residents to assess their understanding of content presented by faculty. A series of case-based interactive application sessions with audience participation were designed to focus on content that is not readily learned through active service responsibilities. This workshop will present the approach and outcomes of implementing different digital technologies in our pathology residency curriculum. Demonstrations of different technologies will be presented as well as the mechanism of integrating the technology into existing curricular components.
Attendees will be able to:
  1. Discuss the potential benefits of incorporating digital technology in pathology resident education.
  2. Describe different technologies and approaches that can be used to enhance learning of pathology residents.
  3. Identify the challenges of integrating digital technology into an established didactic curriculum.
Plenary Session
Saturday, January 26, 2019

Integrating Technology Tools in Medical Education
Hooman Rashidi, MD

The use of technology and digital platforms in medical education is an integral part of many programs and courses. The misconception amongst many is that one needs to be a technology expert/ computer programmer to be able to build and incorporate such tools in their particular area of interest/coursework. There are many tools made easily accessible and available to the average user that could help build and incorporate such tools in various settings. This session will discuss such possibilities and help in introducing such tools for an audience with a wide background in this technology discipline.

Concurrent Workshops

Saturday, January 26, 2019

Millennials: Considerations for Pathology Education
Nicole Borges and Ruth Levine

Millennials now comprise the majority of our student and resident learners as well as early career faculty. It is important for medical school educators to understand the characteristics of this generation and apply this knowledge to educating our future doctors. This session will provide participants with a general overview and a brief summary of research findings on Millennial generation students but also address specific considerations for pathology education and specialty choice, such as:
  • Millennials have grown up grown up in a video game and digital world. Does the “millennial milieu” impact aptitude for “visual” training—pattern recognition and linking images with concepts?
  • Does dependence on electronic/digital material fragment attention and prevent learners from doing the deep work of thinking out diagnostic problems that is inherent to pathology (and other specialties)?
  • Do millennial characteristics affect students’ likelihood to choose a specialty that does not involve direct patient care?
  • Are “lifestyle” considerations important for millennials, and how does that impact specialty choice, specifically pathology
Attendees will be able to:
  1. Describe generational qualities and characteristics of Millennials
  2. Explore how the teaching-learning environment is changing in our medical schools
  3. Compare and contrast best practices to address generational challenges for general medical education but also specific to pathology education
  4. Discuss the impact of generational preferences for pathology specialty choice

Integrated Learning Modules: Innovative Way to Teach Millennials
Ellen Dudrey and Niti Manglik

A common frustration for students is the challenge of assembling a mental ‘big picture’ that incorporates basic science information from multiple disciplines and applies that information to a clinical problem. We received feedback from our students that they had difficulty correlating immunology of various conditions with the clinical and pathologic changes that occur. They had difficulty remembering why ‘basic’ immunology has such a big impact on observed pathologic findings and they didn’t really understand what kind of pathologic changes would be expected, given the observed clinical findings. We identified three disease processes with complex immunopathology and created narrated modules with integrated immunology, histology, and pathology with a clinical application. Each module includes a self-assessment quiz and a clinical vignette to highlight the important steps in the disease process and to illustrate the clinical relevance of the immunology and pathology. The modules were posted on our learning management system and feedback was assessed by an in-class student survey. Survey results indicated that students liked the modules a lot and students thought they helped them understand the big picture of the disease processes.
Attendees will be able to:
  1. Identify major curricular components where an integrated module will be useful
  2. Identify the disciplines to be incorporated and develop a content outline which
    includes a clinical case and vignettes.
  3. Utilize student feedback to assess performance of the module

Click here to download the Program Book.